Oil and gas well drilling has long been the backbone of the global energy industry, providing the essential fuels that power our modern world. However, the process of drilling for these valuable resources comes with a host of inherent dangers, which encompass environmental, health, and safety concerns.

Below, the oil and gas injury attorneys at Kherkher Garcia explore the various risks associated with oil and gas well drilling and how well drilling affects our planet and our communities. Workers in the oil and gas industry should be aware of these risks and know how to get help if they are injured or become ill on the job.

Health and Safety Concerns

Well drilling in the oil and gas industry is historically controversial due to health and safety concerns. Among those concerns are public health, chemical exposure, and environmental concerns. Consider the following:

Public Health Risks

Proximity to oil and gas drilling sites has been associated with various health risks for nearby residents. Studies have found an increased incidence of health problems, including:

  • Respiratory issues
  • Low birth weights
  • Cancer

These health concerns are often attributed to air and water pollution, as well as noise and light pollution from drilling activities.

Chemical Exposure

Workers in the oil and gas industry are exposed to a wide range of chemicals used in drilling operations. These chemicals can lead to acute and chronic health problems for industry employees. Additionally, the potential for chemical spills and accidents can expose nearby residents to toxic substances, increasing their health risks.

Well Blowouts

Well blowouts, though relatively rare, are one of the most hazardous events in oil and gas drilling. A blowout occurs when there is an uncontrolled release of oil or gas from the well, often due to a failure of safety measures or equipment. These incidents can result in fires, explosions, and significant damage to the environment and human life.

Fires and Explosions

The flammable nature of oil and gas means that drilling operations carry a constant risk of fires and explosions. These can be triggered by equipment malfunctions, human error, or other factors, and they pose a substantial risk to both workers and nearby communities.

Transportation Accidents

The movement of oil and gas through pipelines and via trucks poses a safety risk in terms of transportation accidents. Spills and leaks during transport can have severe environmental and health consequences, and accidents involving flammable substances can result in fires, explosions, and injuries.

Common Accidents and Injuries in Oil and Gas Well Drilling

Oil and gas well drilling is a complex and hazardous process. Safety measures, training, and personal protective equipment (PPE) are all crucial to prevent incidents. Here are some of the common accidents and injuries that occur during oil and gas well drilling:


Workers on drilling rigs may need to climb ladders, work on elevated platforms, or walk on uneven terrain. Slips, trips, and falls are common and can lead to injuries ranging from minor bruises to more severe fractures or head injuries.

Struck-By and Caught-Between Accidents

These accidents occur when workers are struck by equipment, tools, or other objects or when they are caught between equipment or structures. Heavy machinery and equipment are constantly in use, and inadequate safety measures can lead to severe injuries.

Chemical Exposure

Drilling operations involve the use of various chemicals, some of which can be hazardous. Exposure to these chemicals can result in skin irritation, respiratory problems, eye injuries, or other health issues.

Fires and Explosions

The flammable nature of oil and gas makes drilling operations susceptible to fires and explosions. These incidents can result from equipment malfunctions, electrical sparks, or gas leaks, causing severe burns, traumatic injuries, and even fatalities.

Equipment Malfunctions

Malfunctions in drilling equipment can lead to accidents. For example, a sudden equipment failure could result in injuries caused by the release of pressure, unexpected movements, or falling objects.

Transportation Accidents

The transportation of oil, gas, and equipment to and from drilling sites carries the risk of accidents on the road. These accidents can result in injuries to workers and the public and can also lead to spills and leaks.

Crane Accidents

The use of cranes and heavy lifting equipment is common on drilling sites. Accidents involving cranes, such as tipping or collapsing, can result in severe injuries or fatalities.

Hazardous Weather Conditions

Drilling operations are often conducted in remote areas where weather conditions can be extreme. Workers may be exposed to harsh environmental conditions, leading to cold-related injuries, heat stress, or even lightning strikes.

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

The constant noise generated by drilling equipment and machinery can lead to hearing loss over time if workers are not provided with adequate hearing protection.

Repetitive Stress Injuries

The nature of some drilling tasks, such as manual handling of heavy equipment, can lead to repetitive stress injuries like musculoskeletal disorders, back injuries, and strains.

Confined Space Accidents

Certain tasks in drilling involve working in confined spaces like storage tanks or mud pits. Inadequate ventilation or lack of proper safety precautions can result in asphyxiation, chemical exposure, or entrapment accidents.

Environmental Concerns

In addition to direct concerns about health and safety, there are also many concerns related to oil and gas drilling and its impact on the environment. Some of the most pressing concerns include:

Water Contamination

One of the most significant environmental risks associated with oil and gas drilling is water contamination. The drilling process involves injecting a mixture of water, sand, and chemicals deep underground to fracture the rock and release the oil or gas (a method known as hydraulic fracturing or fracking). The wastewater produced during this process, often called “produced water,” contains a cocktail of chemicals and heavy metals that can seep into groundwater or surface water sources, contaminating drinking water supplies and aquatic ecosystems.

Air Pollution

Oil and gas drilling operations release a significant amount of air pollutants into the atmosphere. These pollutants include volatile organic compounds (VOCs), nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter, which can contribute to smog formation and pose serious health risks to nearby communities. The emissions from drilling rigs, trucks, and other equipment can lead to respiratory problems and other health issues for people living in proximity to drilling sites.

Habitat Disruption

Oil and gas drilling often necessitates the clearing of land and disruption of natural habitats, which can lead to the displacement of wildlife and loss of biodiversity. The infrastructure required for drilling, such as roads, pipelines, and well pads, can fragment and degrade ecosystems, making it challenging for species to thrive in these altered landscapes.

Soil Contamination

Spills and leaks of oil, drilling fluids, and wastewater can contaminate soil in and around drilling sites. This contamination not only affects the land’s ability to support plant life but can also pose long-term hazards to the environment.

Mitigating the Dangers of Oil and Gas Well Drilling

While the dangers of oil and gas well drilling are significant, various steps can be taken to mitigate these risks:

  • Strict Regulations: Government regulations and oversight are critical in ensuring that drilling operations adhere to safety and environmental standards. Stricter regulations and regular inspections can help prevent accidents and minimize the environmental impact of drilling.
  • Advanced Technology: Advancements in drilling technology have the potential to reduce the environmental and safety risks associated with drilling. For example, improved well design and materials can minimize the risk of well blowouts, and better wastewater treatment techniques can reduce the impact of water contamination.
  • Community Engagement: Engaging with local communities to address their concerns and gather input can help improve safety and environmental practices in drilling operations. Transparency and communication are key to building trust and addressing the concerns of nearby residents.
  • Alternative Energy Sources: Transitioning to cleaner and more sustainable energy sources, such as wind, solar, and geothermal power, can significantly reduce our reliance on oil and gas. This shift would, in turn, lessen the environmental and health risks associated with fossil fuel drilling.

The dangers of oil and gas well drilling are manifold and have far-reaching consequences for our environment, health, and safety. It is essential for governments, the energy industry, and the public to work together to address these concerns and strive for more sustainable and responsible drilling practices.

What to do after an Oil and Gas Well Drilling Injury

If you have suffered an injury during an oil and gas well drilling operation, it is essential to take immediate and appropriate steps to ensure your wellbeing and protect your legal rights. Here are some recommendations for what to do after an oil and gas well drilling injury:

  • Seek Medical Attention: The primary concern after an injury is the wellbeing of those involved. Call 911 or have someone transport you to the nearest healthcare facility, depending on the severity of your injuries. Even seemingly minor injuries should be evaluated by a medical professional.
  • Report the Injury: Notify the appropriate authorities and your employer about the injury as soon as possible. Employers are generally required to report workplace injuries to regulatory agencies. Failing to report an injury could jeopardize potential workers’ compensation or legal claims.
  • Gather Information: Collect and document as much information as possible about the incident. This should include the date, time, and location of the accident, the names and contact information of witnesses, and any relevant details about the circumstances leading up to the injury.
  • Preserve Evidence: Preserve any physical evidence related to the injury, such as photographs of the accident scene, equipment involved, and records/photos of the injuries. This evidence may be crucial for potential legal claims.
  • Contact an Attorney: If the injury is severe or has the potential for long-term consequences, it is advisable to consult with an attorney experienced in oil and gas injury cases. An attorney can help you understand your legal rights and options.

Get a Free Oil and Gas Injury Consultation

Consulting with an experienced attorney can be particularly important to navigate the legal complexities associated with oil and gas well drilling injuries and to seek appropriate compensation for the harm you have suffered. At Kherkher Garcia, we know how complex these cases can be. Fortunately for our clients, we have more than three decades of experience getting the results our clients need.

If you have been injured during an oil and gas well drilling operation, contact us for a free consultation. We will assess your case and help you determine the best options for compensation. Call us at 713-333-1030, or reach out to us online.

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Kevin Haynes

Kevin Haynes

Firm Partner and Trial Lawyer

This article was written and reviewed by Injury Trial Lawyer and Firm Partner Kevin Haynes. Kevin has been a practicing injury lawyer for more than 15 years. He has won $150 Million+ in Settlements and Verdicts for his clients. Kevin is powerful and effective in the courtroom and the trial lawyer you want on your side if you or a loved one have been seriously injured at work or on the road.

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