The offshore oil and gas industry stands as a vital pillar of the global energy landscape, providing the world with a significant portion of its energy needs. However, the inherently complex and hazardous nature of offshore operations places offshore oil and gas workers at an elevated risk of encountering occupational challenges and injuries.

At Kherkher Garcia, our oil and gas injury lawyers advocate for offshore workers who are injured due to negligence. No matter what occupation you work in, or what type of injury you have, we can help you understand your legal rights and the options you may have to recover compensation.

In this article, we explore the hazards and common injuries related to offshore work. We also will provide insight into how our lawyers assist in upholding the rights and wellbeing of those who brave the challenges of offshore work.

Occupations in the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry

The offshore oil and gas industry is a complex sector with various occupations that contribute to the exploration, extraction, and production of oil and gas from offshore locations. Common occupations in this industry include:

  • Drilling Engineer: Plans and oversees the drilling operations, ensuring the safe and efficient extraction of oil and gas from beneath the seabed.
  • Rig Manager: Manages the overall operations on offshore drilling rigs, including personnel, equipment, and safety protocols.
  • Petroleum Engineer: Designs and develops techniques for extracting oil and gas from reservoirs, optimizing production and recovery processes.
  • Geologist/Geophysicist: Studies the geological formations and subsurface structures to identify potential oil and gas reserves.
  • Roustabout: Performs general labor tasks on the drilling rig, such as maintenance, loading and unloading equipment, and cleaning.
  • Derrickhand: Works on the drilling rig and is responsible for the uppermost section of the drilling tower, assisting with the drilling process.
  • Roughneck: Assists with the drilling process, handling drilling equipment, and ensuring smooth operations on the rig.
  • Subsea Engineer: Designs, installs, and maintains equipment and systems used in underwater operations, including wellheads, pipelines, and subsea structures.
  • Production Operator: Monitors and operates the equipment used in the production of oil and gas, ensuring safe and efficient extraction.
  • Offshore Installation Manager (OIM): Oversees the entire offshore platform, managing personnel, safety, and daily operations.
  • Mechanical Technician: Conducts maintenance and repairs on mechanical equipment, ensuring the smooth operation of machinery on the platform.
  • Electrical Technician: Maintains and troubleshoots electrical systems on offshore platforms, including power generation and distribution.
  • Safety Officer: Implements and enforces safety protocols and regulations to ensure a secure working environment on the offshore facility.
  • Marine Coordinator: Coordinates marine activities, including vessel movements, logistics, and supply chain management.
  • Environmental Specialist: Monitors and assesses the environmental impact of offshore operations, ensuring compliance with environmental regulations.

These are just a few examples, and the offshore oil and gas industry involves a wide range of skilled professionals.

What are Common Hazards to Working in Offshore Oil and Gas?

Working in the offshore oil and gas industry comes with various hazards due to the complex and challenging nature of the environment. Safety measures and protocols are crucial to mitigate these risks. Some common hazards that put offshore oil and gas workers at risk include:


Uncontrolled releases of oil or gas during drilling operations can lead to blowouts, which pose a significant risk to personnel and the environment.

Fire and Explosion

The presence of flammable substances, such as oil and gas, combined with equipment failures or human errors, can result in fires and explosions on offshore platforms.

High-Pressure Equipment

Operations involving high-pressure systems, such as drilling and production processes, pose a risk of equipment failure, leaks, and potential injury to workers.

Helicopter Operations

Transportation to and from offshore platforms via helicopters introduces risks associated with aviation, including crashes and emergency landings.

Harsh Weather Conditions

Offshore locations are often exposed to extreme weather conditions, including storms, high winds, and rough seas, which can impact the stability of platforms and vessels.

Chemical Exposure

Workers may come into contact with hazardous chemicals used in drilling, production, and maintenance activities, leading to health issues if proper safety measures are not followed.

Falls and Falling Objects

Working at heights and the potential for dropped objects pose risks of falls and injuries to personnel working on platforms and rigs.

Confined Spaces

Maintenance and inspection activities in confined spaces present risks of asphyxiation, exposure to toxic gases, and other hazards.

Noise and Vibration

Equipment and machinery used in drilling and production generate high levels of noise and vibration, which can lead to long-term hearing damage and other health issues.

Man Overboard Incidents

The proximity to water increases the risk of personnel falling overboard, leading to drowning or exposure to harsh sea conditions.


Long working hours, irregular shifts, and the challenging working environment can contribute to fatigue, impacting concentration and reaction times.

Structural Integrity

Aging infrastructure, corrosion, and wear and tear can affect the structural integrity of platforms and vessels, posing risks of collapse or failure.

Helium and Hydrogen Sulfide Exposure

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a toxic gas that can be present in oil and gas reservoirs, posing severe health risks to workers. Proper monitoring and safety measures are crucial.

Equipment Failure

Malfunctions or failures of critical equipment, such as cranes, winches, and drilling machinery, can lead to accidents and injuries.

Effective safety training, regular drills, proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE), and adherence to safety protocols are essential for mitigating these hazards. Regulatory agencies and industry standards also play a crucial role in establishing and enforcing safety guidelines.

What Injuries do Offshore Oil and Gas Workers Suffer?

Offshore oil and gas workers are exposed to a range of occupational hazards, and as a result, they may experience various types of injuries. Common injuries in the offshore oil and gas industry include:

  • Traumatic Injuries: These can result from falls, slips, trips, or being struck by equipment or objects. Examples include fractures, contusions, lacerations, or traumatic brain injuries.
  • Burn Injuries: Fires and explosions pose a risk of burn injuries to workers. These injuries can range from minor burns to more severe and life-threatening burns.
  • Chemical Exposure: Workers may be exposed to hazardous chemicals, leading to skin irritation, respiratory problems, or more serious health issues if proper safety measures are not followed.
  • Sprains and Strains: Heavy lifting, repetitive motions, and working in awkward positions can lead to musculoskeletal injuries, such as sprains, strains, and overuse injuries.
  • Cuts and Abrasions: Working with sharp tools, machinery, and equipment increases the risk of cuts and abrasions.
  • Crush Injuries: Workers may face crush injuries when caught between equipment or in machinery accidents.
  • Drowning and Water-related Injuries: Given the offshore location, there is a risk of drowning due to falls into the water, vessel accidents, or emergencies during helicopter transport.
  • Respiratory Issues: Exposure to dust, fumes, and gases, including hydrogen sulfide, can lead to respiratory problems and long-term health issues.
  • Hearing Loss: High levels of noise from machinery and equipment can contribute to hearing loss over time if proper hearing protection is not used.
  • Hypothermia: Workers in harsh offshore environments may be exposed to cold temperatures, leading to conditions like hypothermia and frostbite.

Safety measures, training, and the implementation of proper procedures are crucial for minimizing the risk of injuries in the offshore oil and gas industry.

How Can a Lawyer Help Oil and Gas Workers after an Injury?

A lawyer specializing in offshore and maritime injuries plays a crucial role in helping individuals navigate the legal landscape and obtain the compensation and support they deserve. Here are several ways in which the lawyers at Kherkher Garcia assist oil and gas workers following an injury:

Legal Consultation

Kherkher Garcia provides a comprehensive legal consultation to understand the details of the injury, the circumstances surrounding the incident, and the potential liability of involved parties. We will offer guidance on gathering and preserving evidence, medical records, and other documentation that may determine and/or strengthen the legal case.

Determining Liability

Our lawyers will investigate the accident thoroughly to determine liability. We will establish whether the injury resulted from negligence, equipment failure, unsafe working conditions, or other factors.

Negotiating with Insurance Companies

Having a lawyer on your side means you do not have to worry about speaking with insurance companies. Our lawyers engage with insurance companies on your behalf to negotiate fair settlements, ensuring that you are not unfairly denied compensation.

Ensuring Compliance with Regulations

As part of our investigation, we will assess employer and responsible party compliance with industry regulations and safety standards. If they are in violation, we will hold them accountable for any violations that contributed to the injury.

Mediation and Alternative Dispute Resolution

Our lawyers are skilled negotiators and have vast experience in alternative dispute resolution (ADR). We will represent you in mediation or alternative dispute resolution processes, if applicable, to resolve legal matters without going through a lengthy court trial.


If your case cannot be resolved via mediation, ADR, or settlement, we will take the next steps toward trial. Our lawyers will file the lawsuit and represent you in court. We are fierce advocates for our client’s rights and are skilled litigators when seeking appropriate compensation.

Ensuring Fair Compensation

At Kherkher Garcia, our goal is to secure fair compensation that covers not only immediate medical costs and lost wages, but also considers long-term medical care, rehabilitation, and any lasting impact on your earning capacity.

Engaging a lawyer with experience in offshore oil and gas injuries is essential for navigating the intricate legal aspects of these cases. Working with a skilled offshore injury lawyer can make a significant difference in ensuring that you receive the compensation and support you need to recover and move forward.

Contact Kherkher Garcia for a Free Injury Consultation

If you suffer an injury while working in the oil and gas industry, Kherkher Garcia can help. From navigating compensation claims for injuries to addressing issues related to workplace safety, our team of specialized lawyers help oil and gas workers assess their legal rights and take action. We are highly skilled in offshore and maritime law, and we know how to protect your rights and get you the justice and compensation that you deserve.

If you want to learn more about our legal representation and how we can help you, contact us for a free injury consultation. You can call us at 713-333-1030, or reach out to us online.

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Kevin Haynes

Kevin Haynes

Firm Partner and Trial Lawyer

This article was written and reviewed by Injury Trial Lawyer and Firm Partner Kevin Haynes. Kevin has been a practicing injury lawyer for more than 15 years. He has won $150 Million+ in Settlements and Verdicts for his clients. Kevin is powerful and effective in the courtroom and the trial lawyer you want on your side if you or a loved one have been seriously injured at work or on the road.

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