Children’s Playset Recall Highlights the Hazards of Lead and Phthalate Exposure

by | Jan 16, 2024 | Child Injuries, Defective Children's Product, Defective Product, Defective Toys, Product Liability, Product Recall

Several children’s playsets are being recalled due to higher-than-acceptable levels of lead and phthalates. The recall includes several “Litti City” products sold between 2021 and 2023 at popular retailers including Amazon. According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), the products could be hazardous as lead and phthalates can be absorbed through the skin or ingested. Exposure to these chemicals can cause a wide range of health and developmental issues for children.

When product manufacturers fail to meet safety standards, they put the health and lives of consumers at risk. This is never an acceptable outcome. At Kherkher Garcia, we fight for the rights of consumers who are harmed by dangerous or defective products. Below, our children’s product liability lawyers provide more information about the recall and the hazards of lead and phthalates. We also provide information for parents on what to do if you have a hazardous product in your home.

Litti City Playset Recall Information

The recall of Litti City playsets involves several products which were sold between 2021 and 2023. The CPSC is urging consumers to stop using the recalled products immediately. All playsets and slime eggs contained excessive levels of phthalates, exceeding federal standards. Some also contained levels of lead exceeding the federal lead content ban. Both phthalates and lead can be harmful to young children if ingested or absorbed through skin contact.

The recall includes the following products:

  • Litti City Premier Doctor Playset: Includes a white doctor outfit and accessories (glasses, stethoscope, bandages, book)
  • Litti City Teacher Purse Set: Includes a green purse and accessories (glasses, markers, rules, eraser, hall passes, learning charts, stickers)
  • Litti Pritti Stylist Handbag Set: Includes a pink purse and accessories (wallet, makeup, keys, cell phone)
  • Prextex DIY Take-Along Slime Eggs: Set of seven mini bottles of shaped beads and 12 straws

The recall was voluntary, conducted by Perch in cooperation with the CPSC. Consumers are advised to immediately stop using the recalled products and contact Perch for a full refund. Consumers have been instructed to destroy the products before returning them to minimize further risk of lead or phthalate exposure.

The recalled playsets were sold from July 2021 through April 2023 at and They were also sold in certain Ocean State Job Lot stores in the Northeastern U.S.

What are the Hazards of Phthalate Exposure to Children?

Phthalates are a group of chemicals commonly used in the production of plastics and other consumer products. Exposure to phthalates has been associated with various health concerns. Some potential hazards of exposure to phthalates include:

  • Endocrine Disruption: Phthalates are known to disrupt the endocrine system, which can interfere with hormone production and regulation. This disruption may lead to developmental and reproductive issues.
  • Reproductive Effects: Studies have suggested that exposure to certain phthalates may be linked to reproductive problems, including reduced sperm count, testicular atrophy, and impaired fertility.
  • Developmental and Behavioral Effects: Prenatal exposure to phthalates has been associated with developmental issues in children, including changes in behavior, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and other neurodevelopmental problems.
  • Respiratory Issues: Some research has indicated a potential link between phthalate exposure and respiratory problems, such as asthma and allergic reactions.
  • Liver and Kidney Damage: High levels of exposure to certain phthalates may pose a risk of liver and kidney damage.
  • Cancer Risk: Some studies have suggested a possible association between certain phthalates and an increased risk of cancer, although more research is needed to establish a clear link.

It is important to note that the extent of the health risks depends on the specific type of phthalate, the level of exposure, and individual susceptibility. Regulations and restrictions on the use of certain phthalates in consumer products vary by region to mitigate potential health hazards.

Phthalate Safety Standards

In the United States, the main federal standards regarding phthalates in children’s products are set by the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) and enforced by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). Here’s a breakdown of the key points:

  • Permanently Banned: Any children’s toy or child care article containing more than 0.1% of these three phthalates:
    • Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)
    • Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)
    • Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP)
  • Additional Restrictions:
    • Five other phthalates (DINP, DIBP, DPENP, DHEXP, and DCHP) are prohibited at levels above 0.1% for children’s toys and child care articles manufactured or imported after February 28, 2018.

What are the Hazards of Lead Exposure to Children?

Lead exposure in children can have serious and long-lasting health effects. Even low levels of lead exposure can be harmful. Here are some of the dangers associated with lead exposure in children:

  • Developmental Delays: Lead exposure can impair the development of the nervous system, leading to developmental delays and learning disabilities.
  • Behavioral Problems: Children with elevated lead levels may exhibit behavioral problems, including increased aggression, hyperactivity, and difficulties with impulse control.
  • Cognitive Impairment: Lead exposure has been linked to cognitive impairments, affecting a child’s ability to think, reason, and concentrate.
  • Lower IQ: Long-term exposure to lead has been associated with a decrease in IQ levels in affected children.
  • Speech and Language Difficulties: Lead exposure can contribute to speech and language difficulties, impacting a child’s communication skills.
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Some studies suggest a potential link between lead exposure and the development of ADHD.
  • Anemia: Lead can interfere with the production of hemoglobin, leading to anemia in children.
  • Kidney Damage: High levels of lead exposure can cause kidney damage in children.
  • Impaired Hearing: Lead exposure has been associated with hearing impairment in children.
  • Reduced Growth: Lead exposure may lead to reduced growth rates in children.
  • Abdominal Pain and Digestive Issues: Ingesting lead-contaminated dust or soil can lead to abdominal pain, vomiting, and digestive issues in children.
  • Neurological Damage: Severe lead exposure can cause irreversible neurological damage, seizures, and even coma.

Lead exposure commonly occurs through the ingestion of lead-contaminated dust, soil, water, and certain consumer products such as lead-based paint in older homes, imported goods, or traditional folk remedies. Children are particularly vulnerable because they absorb lead more easily than adults, and their developing bodies are more susceptible to its effects.

Lead Safety Standards

There are two main federal standards regarding lead in children’s products in the United States:

  • Maximum Limit: All accessible parts of children’s products (intended for children 12 years old and under) must not contain more than 100 parts per million (ppm) of total lead content.
  • Accessible Parts: These are any parts that a child could reasonably be expected to mouth, suck, or ingest.

This limit does not apply to certain specific components like electrical wires, jewelry, or certain types of batteries.

Lead in Paint and Similar Surface Coatings:

  • Maximum Limit: Paint and similar surface coatings on children’s products and on some furniture intended for both children and adults must not contain more than 90 parts per million (ppm) of lead.
  • Household Paints: This limit also applies to household paints for consumer use. Similar to the total lead content limit, there are a few exceptions for specific types of coatings.

These standards are set by the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) and enforced by the CPSC. They are important in protecting children from the harmful effects of lead exposure, which can lead to developmental delays, learning disabilities, and behavioral problems.

What Should Parents do if their Child Has a Potentially Hazardous Product?

If a product has been recalled due to lead or phthalate exposure, parents should take prompt and appropriate actions to ensure the safety of their child. Here are steps parents can consider:

  • Stop Using the Product Immediately: Discontinue the use of the recalled product to prevent further exposure to lead or phthalates.
  • Follow Recall Instructions: Check the recall notice for specific instructions provided by the product manufacturer or regulatory authorities. Follow any guidance on returning, repairing, or disposing of the product.
  • Contact the Manufacturer: Reach out to the manufacturer or distributor of the product to inquire about the recall details and ask any specific questions you may have. They may provide additional information on how to proceed.
  • Keep Documentation: Keep any documentation related to the purchase of the product, such as receipts and packaging. This information may be useful when communicating with the manufacturer or seeking a refund.
  • Monitor Your Child’s Health: If the recall is associated with potential health risks, monitor your child’s health for any signs or symptoms related to phthalate exposure. If you have concerns, consult with a healthcare professional.
  • Report the Incident: Report the recalled product to the appropriate regulatory authorities in your region. This helps in tracking and addressing safety issues.
  • Seek Refund or Replacement: Check if the manufacturer is offering refunds or replacements for the recalled product. Follow their instructions on how to initiate the refund or replacement process.

In case of any concerns about your child’s health, consult with a healthcare professional for guidance. Taking swift and appropriate action is crucial to minimizing potential risks associated with recalled products.

Should You Contact a Children’s Product Liability Lawyer?

Contacting a children’s product liability lawyer can be beneficial if your child has been exposed to chemicals like lead or phthalates through consumer products. These lawyers specialize in navigating the complex landscape of product liability laws, specifically concerning items designed for children.

A children’s product liability lawyer can investigate the circumstances surrounding the exposure, identifying responsible parties such as manufacturers, distributors, or retailers. They are equipped to assess the product’s safety standards, ensuring that it meets regulatory requirements. By holding negligent parties accountable through legal action, these lawyers aim to secure compensation for medical expenses, emotional distress, and any other damages resulting from the toxic exposure.

Moreover, a children’s product liability lawyer can play a crucial role in advocating for improved safety standards and regulations. By seeking justice for affected families, children’s product liability lawyers contribute to a safer marketplace for children’s goods and help prevent future incidents of toxic exposure.

Learn More about Lead and Phthalate Exposure and Your Rights

Lead and phthalate exposure can have serious health implications, especially for children. Knowing your rights is essential in holding responsible parties accountable for any harm your child has suffered. At Kherkher Garcia, our children’s product liability lawyers can help you explore your options if you or your child has been exposed to these toxic substances.

Contact us to learn more about your legal rights. We can help you understand your options for safeguarding your family’s wellbeing and seek appropriate recourse. To learn more, call us at 713-333-1030 or complete our contact form. Your initial consultation with our team is completely free of charge.


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Jesus Garcia

Jesus Garcia

Founding Partner and Trial Lawyer

This article was written and reviewed by Injury Trial Lawyer and Founding Firm Partner Jesus Garcia. Jesus has been a practicing injury lawyer for more than 20 years. He has won $150 Million+ in Settlements and Verdicts for his clients. He is a force of nature in the courtroom and the trial lawyer you want on your side if you or a loved one have been seriously injured at work or on the road. Abogado Jesus Garcia is bilingual and passionate about being the voice in the courtroom for the spanish speaking community here in Houston, across the state of Texas, and throughout the Nation.

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